Happiness is prevented and obstructed when a person is attached and makes the object of adoration something that by its nature is fleeing and imperfect; And, unable to cope with hardship and loss, falling into despair and depression.
Kad aflahal Mu’minoon.
The station of a mu’min is greater than the station of muslim.
Mu’min is one whose heart is completely filled with La illah illa Allah
-the path to happiness
-wretched is the slave of dinar and dirham
How is this achieved? Outward and inward obedience of Allah (swt) and the Messenger of Allah.
-dhikr Allah [Indeed in the remembrance of Allah do hearts find tranquility]
-We hear and we obey (samana wa ata’na).
Mu’min is one who has complete trust [tawakkul] in Allah (swt).
-The heart sees loss as a way of coming closer to Allah
-Inna lillahi wa inna illahee rajioon